Highest-grossing films of 2013; Rank Title Distributor Worldwide gross; 1: Frozen: Disney: $1,276,480,335: 2: Iron Man 3: $1,215,439,994: 3: Despicable Me 2: Universal. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. Mogali Rekulu Episode 1368 Climax Episode (24th May 2013) Friday Mogali Rekulu Episode 1367 (23rd May 2013) Thursday Mogali Rekulu Episode 1366 (22nd May 2013. Frozen (Bahasa Indonesia: Beku) adalah sebuah film animasi 3D tahun 2013 produksi Walt Disney Animation Studios dan dirilis ke bioskop oleh Walt Disney Pictures pada.
2013 in music; By location; Australia; Canada; Europe; United Kingdom; Ireland; Japan; South Korea; Sweden; United States; By genre; country; classical; heavy metal. The 18th century featured a touch of misogyny and a good dose of slavery, but there were awesome things back then which more than made up for the downsides.
Wikipedia. The following tables list films released in 2. Three popular films (Top Gun, Jurassic Park, and The Wizard of Oz) were all re- released in 3. D and IMAX. Highest- grossing films. The Hunger Games: Catching Fire. Lionsgate$8. 65,0. Fast & Furious 6. Universal$7. 88,6.
Monsters University. Disney$7. 44,2. 29,4. Gravity. Warner Bros. Man of Steel$6. 68,0. Thor: The Dark World. Disney$6. 44,6. 02,5.
Frozen and Iron Man 3 both grossed over $1. Frozen became the second animated film after Toy Story 3 (2. After being re- released in 3- D, Jurassic Park reached a new milestone: it is the 1. It is the second time that 1.
The Croods and World War Z also grossed over $5. Frozen and Iron Man 3), with this instance being Disney's second time (the other being 2.
Iron Man 3 also earned the highest gross for a movie that was not the highest- grossing movie of its year, surpassing 2. Transformers: Dark of the Moon. Eros International. Aditya Datt (director); Jimmy- sen (screenplay); Tena Desae, Rajeev Khandelwal, Paresh Rawal.
Grant, Parminder Nagra, Kimberley Walsh, Mathew Horne, Siobhan Hayes, Dick and Dom, Noel Fielding, Jo Brand, Anjelica Huston. Smoove, Kieran Culkin, Leslie Bibb, Terrence Howard, Jack Mc. Brayer, Tony Shalhoub, Matt Walsh, Stephen Merchant, Jimmy Bennett, Emily Alyn Lind, Jeremy Allen White. Burns (screenplay); Rooney Mara, Jude Law, Channing Tatum, Catherine Zeta- Jones, Vinessa Shaw, David Costabile. Wyman (screenplay); Colin Farrell, Noomi Rapace, Dominic Cooper, Terrence Howard, Wade Barrett. Goldstein (screenplay); Steve Carell, Jim Carrey, Steve Buscemi, Olivia Wilde, James Gandolfini, Alan Arkin, Gillian Jacobs, Zachary Gordon, Brad Garrett, Jay Mohr, David Copperfield. Schiff (screenplay); Liam Hemsworth, Aimee Teegarden, Teresa Palmer, Austin Stowell.
Joe: Retaliation. Paramount Pictures / MGMJon Chu (director); Rhett Reese, Paul Wernick (screenplay); Channing Tatum, Ray Park, Dwayne Johnson, Bruce Willis, Elodie Yung, D.
J. Cotrona, Adrianne Palicki, Ray Stevenson, Byung- hun Lee, Jonathan Pryce, RZA, Walton Goggins, Joseph Mazzello, De. Ray Davis, Robert Baker, Arnold Vosloo, Luke Bracey. Oizo (director/screenplay); Jack Plotnick, . Rama Rao Jr., Kajal Aggarwal, Mukesh Rishi, Adithya, Kelly Dorji, Pradeep Rawat, Nassar, Ashish Vidyarthi, Sayaji Shinde, Brahmanandam, M. Narayana, Thagubothu Ramesh, Vennela Kishore, Chandra Mohan, Suhasini Maniratnam, Ajay, Pragathi, Siddharth, Navdeep, Meenakshi Dixit.
Jackson, BD Wong, Wayne Knight. Kannan (director/screenplay); G. Dhananjayan, John Mahendran (screenplay); Arya, Anjali, Hansika Motwani, Premji Amaren, N. Santhanam, Nassar, Ali, Sayaji Shinde, Subbu Panchu Arunachalam, Neetu Chandra. Knight, Alan Tudyk, Hamish Linklater, John C. Mc. Ginley, Lucas Black, Nicole Beharie, C. Nitkowski, Brett Cullen.
Brennan, Blaise Miller. Lee (director/screenplay); David Zucker, Pat Proft (screenplay); Ashley Tisdale, Simon Rex, Lindsay Lohan, Charlie Sheen, Terry Crews, Katt Williams, Kate Walsh, Molly Shannon, Darrell Hammond, Heather Locklear, Erica Ash, Jerry O'Connell, Tyler Posey, Sarah Hyland, Bow Wow, Katrina Bowden, Mike Tyson, Snoop Dogg, Mac Miller, Usher.
Fox, Charles Henry Wyson. Abrams (director); Roberto Orci, Alex Kurtzman, Damon Lindelof (screenplay); Chris Pine, Zachary Quinto, Benedict Cumberbatch, Simon Pegg, Karl Urban, John Cho, Alice Eve, Leonard Nimoy, Peter Weller, Zoe Saldana, Anton Yelchin, Bruce Greenwood.
Williams, Mamie Gummer. Epatha Merkerson, Tyler Williams, Melvin van Peebles, Diahann Carroll, Malcolm Barrett, Kali Hawk, Ana Gasteyer, Kimrie Lewis- Davis. Hart, William Joyce, Daniel Shere, Tom J. Astle, Matt Ember (screenplay); Colin Farrell, Josh Hutcherson, Amanda Seyfried, Jason Sudeikis, Christoph Waltz, Beyonc. Night Shyamalan (director); Stephen Gaghan, Gary Whitta (screenplay); Jaden Smith, Will Smith, Isabelle Fuhrman, Zoe Kravitz.
Fletcher (director/screenplay); Saoirse Ronan, Alexis Bledel, Danny Trejo, James Gandolfini, Marianne Jean- Baptiste. Goyer (screenplay); Henry Cavill, Amy Adams, Michael Shannon, Kevin Costner, Diane Lane, Laurence Fishburne, Antje Traue, Ayelet Zurer, Russell Crowe. Germain, Cathy Weseluck, Nicole Oliver. Baird (screenplay); Billy Crystal, John Goodman, Steve Buscemi, Joel Murray, Charlie Day, Sean Hayes, Dave Foley, Peter Sohn, Helen Mirren, Alfred Molina, Nathan Fillion, Julia Sweeney, Aubrey Plaza, Tyler Labine, Beth Behrs, Bobby Moynihan, John Krasinski, Bonnie Hunt, Bill Hader, John Ratzenberger. Maxwell (director); Bill Kauffman (screenplay); Billy Campbell, Angus Macfadyen, Peter Fonda, Augustus Prew, Lucy Boynton, Fran. Smoove, Gina Gershon, Kerri Kenney- Silver, Jami Gertz, Timothy Olyphant, Richard Kind, Steve Agee, Jim Sheridan, Nia Vardalos.
Jordan, Octavia Spencer, Melonie Diaz, Ahna O'Reilly, Kevin Durand, Chad Michael Murray. Holt, Hannah Hughes, Kevin Hunt, Lawrence Michael Levine, Mindy Robinson. Raina, Chandan Roy Sanyal, Imran Hasnee, Maryam Zakaria. Weiss, Karey Kirkpatrick, Jay Sherick, David Ronn (screenplay); Neil Patrick Harris, Jayma Mays, Hank Azaria, Tim Gunn, Brendan Gleeson, Katy Perry, Jonathan Winters, Alan Cumming, Fred Armisen, George Lopez, Anton Yelchin, John Oliver, Christina Ricci, J. Smoove, Christopher Mintz- Plasse, Frank Welker. Narayana, Boman Irani, Kota Srinivasa Rao.
Howard (screenplay); Dane Cook, Stacy Keach, Brad Garrett, Priyanka Chopra, Carlos Alazraqui, Roger Craig Smith, Teri Hatcher, David Croft, Julia Louis- Dreyfus, John Cleese, Colin Cowherd, Sinbad, Gabriel Iglesias, Oliver Kalkofe, Brent Musburger. Vijay (director/screenplay); Vijay, Sathyaraj, Amala Paul, Ragini Nandwani, N.
Santhanam, Rajiv Pillai, Abhimanyu Singh. Simmons, Matthew Modine, Victor Rasuk, Ron Eldard, David Denman, Ahna O'Reilly, John Getz, Nelson Franklin, Lesley Ann Warren, Elden Henson, Kevin Dunn, James Woods, Brad William Henke. Marlene King (screenplay); Lily Collins, Jamie Campbell Bower, Robert Sheehan, Jemima West, Kevin Durand, Robert Maillet, Lena Headey, Jared Harris, Godfrey Gao, Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Aidan Turner.
Garcia (director/screenplay); Kristen Bell, David Lambert, Mamie Gummer, Martin Starr, Alex Shaffer, Joshua Harto, Amy Madigan, John Finn, Sendhil Ramamurthy, Adam Le. Fevre. Talbert (director/screenplay); Paula Patton, Trey Songz, Adam Brody, Djimon Honsou, Christina Milian, Taye Diggs. Goldstein, Erica Rivinoja (screenplay); Anna Faris, Bill Hader, Andy Samberg, Kristen Schaal, James Caan, Neil Patrick Harris, Benjamin Bratt, Terry Crews, Will Forte. Rama Rao Jr., Samantha Ruth Prabhu, Shruti Haasan, Vidyullekha Raman, Rao Ramesh.
Silverman (director); AJ Michalka, James Denton, Kevin Pollak, Shawnee Smith, Chris Ellis, Michael Welch, Jamie Grace. Christiansen (director); Karl Mueller (screenplay); Jennifer Carpenter, Alycia Debnam- Carey, Rufus Sewell, Thomas Mc. Donell, Adelaide Kane, Leah Pipes, Colm Meaney, Stacey Edwards, Ric Reitz. Strauss (screenplay); Owen Wilson, Woody Harrelson, Amy Poehler, Lesley Nicol, George Takei, Colm Meaney, Keith David. Lee (director/screenplay); Taye Diggs, Nia Long, Morris Chestnut, Harold Perrineau, Terrence Howard, Regina Hall.
Blige, Vondie Curtis- Hall, Nas, Rotimi, Jacob Latimore. Jackson, Elizabeth Olsen, Josh Brolin, Sharlto Copley. Murray Abraham, Justin Timberlake. Russell (director/screenplay); Eric Warren Singer (screenplay); Christian Bale, Bradley Cooper, Amy Adams, Jennifer Lawrence, Robert De Niro, Jeremy Renner, Louis C.
K., Michael Pena. Banks. Walt Disney Pictures. John Lee Hancock (director); Kelly Marcel, Sue Smith (screenplay); Tom Hanks, Emma Thompson, Colin Farrell, Paul Giamatti, Jason Schwartzman, Ruth Wilson, B. J. Ellis. 60. American. Director, Stuntman. Matthew Dickens. 51.
French- American. Actor, Choreographer. Rex Trailer. 84. American. Actor. 11. Mariangela Melato. Italian. Actress.
Billy Varga. 94. American. Actor. 13. Bille Brown. Australian. Actor.
Conrad Bain. 89. Canadian- American. Actor. 15. Nagisa Oshima. Japanese. Director. Perrette Pradier.
French. Actress. 21. Michael Winner. 77. English. Director, Producer. Leslie Frankenheimer. American. Set Designer. Susan Douglas Rubes. Austrian- Canadian.
Actress. 23. Janice Knickrehm. American. Actress. Normand Corbeil. 56. Canadian. Composer. Patricia Lovell. 83.
Australian. Producer. Lloyd Phillips. 63. South African- New Zealand. Producer. 27. Sally Starr. American. Actress. Keith Marsh. 86. English. Actor. 29. Bernard Horsfall.
English. Actor. 29. Garrett Lewis. 77. American. Set Decorator. Patty Andrews. 94. American. Singer, Actress. R. Gilbert Clayton.
American. Set Designer, Actor. February. 1Robin Sachs. English. Actor. 2John Kerr.
American. Actor. 3Peter Gilmore. German- English. Actor.
Stuart Freeborn. 98. English. Make- Up Artist. Gerry Hambling. 86. English. Film Editor.
Paul Tanner. 95. American. Actor. 8Chris Brinker. American. Producer, Director. Alan Sharp. 79. Scottish- American. Screenwriter. 11.
Rick Huxley. 72. English. Actor. 13. Gerry Day. American. Screenwriter. Richard J. Collins.
American. Screenwriter. Harald Siepermann. German. Animator. Richard Briers. 79. English. Actor. 18.
Elspet Gray. 83. Scottish. Actress. 18. Matt Mattox. American. Actor, Dancer. John Brascia. 80. American. Actor, Dancer. Lou Myers. 77. American. Actor. 21. Bob Godfrey.
Australian- English. Animator, Actor. 21. Del Tenney. 82. American. Director, Producer. George Ives. 87. American. Actor. 27. Dale Robertson. American. Actor. 28.
Armando Trovajoli. Italian. Composer, Conductor. March. 1Bonnie Franklin. American. Actress. Pat Keen. 79. English.
Actress. 1Ric Menello. American. Screenwriter. Michael D. Moore.
Canadian- American. Actor, Director. 4Fran Warren. American. Actress, Singer.
Robert Relyea. 82. American. Producer. Arthur Storch. 87. American. Actor. 7Kenny Ball.
English. Actor. 7Sybil Christopher. Welsh- American. Actress. Damiano Damiani. 90.
Italian. Director. Willy Switkes. 83. American. Actor. 13. Malachi Throne. 84.
American. Actor. 14. Edward Bland. 86. American. Composer, Director. Subas Herrero. 69.
Filipino. Actor. 15. Terry Lightfoot. 77. English. Actor, Arranger.
Black Is Beautiful: Why Black Dolls Matter. As a little girl, Samantha Knowles didn. But black dolls were not common in her upstate New York hometown, whose population remains overwhelmingly white. So when Knowles was 8 years old, and one of her friends innocently asked . Somebody took the time to make a doll in your likeness.”But that question stuck with her, and in college, she started to consider how she would answer as an adult. Finally, as an undergraduate film student at Dartmouth, she connected with a small but passionate group of black doll enthusiasts who gather at black doll shows around the country, and for her senior honors thesis, Knowles, now 2. After I started working on the film, I had a lot of conversations with my mom, and she would say, .
Photo by Debbie Behan Garrett. Many black doll enthusiasts, like Debbie Behan Garrett, the author of Black Dolls: A Comprehensive Guide to Celebrating, Collecting, and Experiencing the Passion, feels the same way as Knowles’ mother. If black children are force- fed that white is better, or if that’s all that they are exposed to, then they might start to think, .
It has also been selected for . In the film, doll maker Debra Wright says when little girls see her dolls, they! Five black- doll collecting sisters Debra Britt, Felicia Walker, Celeste Cotton, Tamara Mattison, and Kareema Thomas opened that museum in the summer of 2. Laura Larue and Lou- Ellen are artist dolls made by black artist Gloria Young Rone, from her Massas Servants doll creations. Photo by Debbie Behan Garret. The only black girl at her school in 1.
Dorchester, Massachusetts, Debra Britt grew up carrying the vinyl white Baby Bye- Lo doll. And I had to ride a bus with nobody on it.
When I would get to school, the other kids shook my bus every day and called me names. These dolls were also made by slaves on plantations in the South, who would have their children put in a pebble to represent each fear or worry and relieve them of the burdens. Via the National Black Doll Museum Facebook page. Garrett, who runs the Black Doll Collecting blog and also recently published The Doll Blogs: When Dolls Speak, I Listen, went without black dolls as a girl in the segregated South in the 1. So all of my dolls were white. What saved me from having low self- esteem was the fact I lived in a mixed- class community.
Doctors, lawyers, educators, and just everyday people, like the store owners, were black. That was subtle racism in doll manufacture.”Dolls.
In early America, everyone, including slaves, made their own dolls. A controversial homemade doll that. One head and set of arms would be white; the others would be black. Early doll manufacturers Albert Bruckner and E. I. Horsman later produced a topsy- turvy doll as a novelty toy, Garrett says. The topsy- turvies existed, Britt says, because the slave masters actually didn.
They would make dolls from whatever they had, whether it be the bones of a chicken, a nut, a cornhusk, an empty gourd, a mop, a broom, or a black nipple from a baby bottle, after the baby had grown, Britt says. The first manufactured dolls in the mid- 1. Germany and France, countries that dominated the porcelain and bisque doll industry in the Western world for decades.
Even early American dolls would have heads and hands produced in Germany. Unsurprisingly, the aristocratic white European ideal of beauty monopolized the doll world, while the occasional black dolls portrayed the . Even after the slaves were freed in the United States the 1. European porcelain dolls, which were luxury items only available to the very wealthy. A 1. 92. 0s Mammy doll, made from a black rubber bottle nipple.
Via Stonegate Antiques. The objects featuring racist caricatures that we now call . These caricatures carried over to. Effanbee and Horsman, for example, made Mammies pushing baby carriages for decades. The Nancy Ann Storybook Doll Company made characters from Uncle Tom.
For some poor black families in 1. Aunt Jemima and her whole family, were the only black dolls they could afford.
But even in the 1. Marcus Garvey and R. H. Boyd were pushing back against these stereotypes, Britt says. Boyd started his National Negro Doll Company in 1. European dollmakers and selling them in the United States before his firm went out of business in 1.
Between 1. 91. 9 and 1. Garvey launched his Black Star Line, a steamship company that helped found several other black- owned businesses, including a black doll manufacturer. Part of the reason that Boyd. But perhaps black families wouldn. While Pat Hatch and Roben Campbell have discovered plenty of soft- cloth folk art black dolls made from the 1. Garrett knows that during that time that some black parents handmade their children white dolls instead.
The Walking African Girl, made by Pedigree of. England in 1. 95. Photo by Debbie Behan Garrett.
The undyed rope represented blonde hair. Black people had Buckwheat in . The negative characterization of black people not only affected black children. It was a way to embed in the minds of young white children that all black people were like the ones seen in the media.
Suddenly, vinyl and hard plastic dolls were cheap and easy to churn out of the factory. These manufactured dolls were so affordable that middle and lower class people didn. That’s why most of the vinyl and hard plastic dolls were white. The black dolls that were sold by companies like Horsman or Terri Lee were most often white dolls painted brown or dipped in brown dye, Garrett explains. The black dolls were painted as though they were angry.
That was subtle racism in doll manufacture. In 1. 93. 9 and 1. Kenneth and Mamie Clark conducted a study wherein they presented black children with two dolls. The researchers asked the kids which doll was nice, which doll was pretty, which doll was smart, which doll would they rather play with, etc., and the kids overwhelmingly chose the white doll as the one with positive attributes.
When student filmmaker Kiri Davis conducted a similar doll study in 2. But a 2. 00. 9 replica of the original doll survey by ABC’s “Good Morning America” came up with more black children favoring black dolls. The one exception to the white- dolls- painted- brown rule in the 1.
Sara Lee doll, which was created by a white woman named Sara Lee Creech, who took 5. Ideal Toy Company sold her vinyl doll between 1. A 1. 97. 1 Live Action Christie. Barbie’s black friend, Christie, made her debut in 1. She was probably made from a mold of Barbie’s white friend Midge. Photo by Debbie Behan Garrett.
The most famous vinyl doll, Barbie, who sashayed onto the world stage in 1. Francie in 1. 96. Britt explains. In 1. Mattel issued a Francie doll as a black woman, but customers rejected her, possibly because of the assumed family connection, even though . In 1. 96. 8, Mattel produced another black fashion doll, Christie, probably made from an altered mold of Barbie.
In 1. 96. 9, Mattel introduced Julia, inspired by the TV show, . To extend an olive branch to the nearby black community, Mattel contributed to a project known as Operation Bootstrap, Inc., which sponsored the founding of several new black- owned companies in the neighborhood. Starting in 1. 96. Shindana Toy Company, a project out of Operation Bootstrap, made dolls like Malaika, with black facial features and Swahili names.
Smith II and Robert Hall, a member of the Congress of Racial Equality, and launched Shindana Toys in 1. The complexions were darker than most dolls that people had seen. It was also the first time an American doll company had ever used African names, like Baby Zuri, Malaika, Tamu. Before, the dolls were always Cathy, Nancy, Betty, or whatever. Photo by Debbie Behan Garrett.
Shindana produced baby dolls, talking dolls, cloth dolls, fashion dolls, and action figures inspired by black celebrities such as Flip Wilson, Jimme . These dolls were heralded by magazines like “Ebony,” “Jet,” and “Essence.”. I did manage to add several Shindana dolls to my adult collection. Photo by Debbie Behan Garrett. Around the same time as Shindana, a female African American entrepreneur and educator named Beatrice Wright Brewington started the B. Wright Toy Company in New York, which put out another line of dolls that accurately represented black people and other races called .
Following in the footsteps of Shindana and B. Wright, companies like Remco started producing lines of black dolls, like its . Wright, which sold its molds to Totsy Toys, went out of business by the mid- 1. Keisha Dolls and Golden Ribbon stepped into the gap. Another black female entrepreneur, journalist, and educator, Yla Eason, whose 3- year- old son had informed her that he couldn. Olmec made baby dolls, action figures like Sun- Man and Butterfly Woman, and fashion dolls like Naomi and Imani before it went out of business by the end of the 1. But Olmec had inspired Mattel and Tyco to come out with their own black fashion dolls like Kenya.
In the 1. 98. 0s and ’9. Robert Tonner, Cabbage Patch Kids, Magic Attic, and American Girl. From the National Black History Museum Facebook page. Still, since the 1. There have been some noble efforts, including the Big Beautiful Dolls, the first full- figured fashion dolls, created by Georgette Taylor and Audrey Bell in 1. Byron Lars. Mc. Bride- Irby went on to launch. As far back as 2.
Salome Yilma led the founding of Ethi. Dolls, which are made in the images of historical African women leaders and come with a true- to- life storybook. But as much as Britt and Garrett love these dolls, they. It’s rare for me to see a Hispanic child with a brown doll. They usually have a blonde doll with blue eyes. Via the museum’s Facebook page.
Britt says the National Black Doll Museum wasn’t anything she ever set out to do. While she started collecting black dolls at age 1. And we all started gravitating toward different things, which is how our collection really started getting crazy. In early 2. 00. 4, she called 1.